Middle Childhood Inside and Out: The Psychological and Social Worlds of Canadian Children Ages 9-12 - Summary


The middle years of childhood (ages 6 to 12) represent the second stage in early human development, between early childhood and adolescence. As well as being an outcome indicator of early childhood experiences, middle childhood is also a powerful predictor of adolescent adjustment and success. For this reason, middle childhood is an opportune time to optimize health and promote development. And yet, to date, few data have been available in Canada documenting children‘s experiences both in and out-of-school during middle childhood. The research reported here, funded by United Way of the Lower Mainland and led by Dr. Kimberly Schonert-Reichl, provides a first look at the lives of children in their middle years. It is through this research that children‘s voices are being represented for the first time in Canada. This report presents the results of a collaborative research project that explored the social emotional health and out-of-school experiences of 1,402 children aged 9 to 12 years.

Tags:MDI middle childhood development Middle Years Development Instrument SEL social emotional learning


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